Maintenance and design of motor commutator


Precautions for maintenance and design of motor commuta […]

Precautions for maintenance and design of motor commutator
In today's rapid technological development, we need to use more and more things, there are many electrical appliances, such as stepper motors, stepper motors, air-conditioning motors, etc. In so many new products, motors are mentioned. What should we pay attention to when designing motors? How should we maintain the motor steering gear?

 Maintenance of motor commutator.Motor commutator, in the process of using, we must keep its surface smooth and clean, without damage and burn marks. If these problems occur, we should take measures to deal with them, such as severe burn marks or rough surfaces, local bumps, etc. on the surface of the DC motor commutator, they should be removed and turned again. After the turning is completed, the mica sheet in the mica slot between the sheets should be engraved about 1mm, and the metal chips and burrs on the surface of the commutator of the DC motor should be removed. Finally, the entire armature surface should be cleaned with compressed air before assembly. . After long-term operation of the DC motor commutator under load, a hard dark brown film will be produced on the surface. This layer of film can protect the surface of the DC motor commutator from abrasion. Therefore, this film must be protected.

 Notes for motor design.The air gap of the step motor is large, the magnetic resistance is large, and the number of excitation amps is large, which makes the motor exciting current ** and the motor power factor decrease. However, the air gap ambassador's harmonic magnetic field weakens and the additional loss of the motor is reduced. Fixed-rotor rifling, and reduced motor efficiency due to increased additional losses.

The stepping of the rotor of the step motor can weaken the rotor guide bar along the axial direction of the harmonic potential, thereby reducing the additional synchronous torque and the additional asynchronous torque, reducing the additional loss of the motor, improving efficiency and reducing noise. vibration.

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